Amoxicillin is an antibacterial drug, a group of penicillins. The tool has a broad spectrum of action and is used to treat various bacterial infections. Including it is used for infections of upper respiratory tract and respiratory system. The drug is actively used to suppress the activity of staphylococci, as well as Escherichia coli or streptococci, eliminates pathogens, destroying cell walls. Often it is prescribed at the beginning of treatment, when tests are not yet ready. After receiving the test results, the doctor may prescribe another, more suitable, drug.
The product is available in capsules of 250 mg and 500 mg. Also on sale are special pellets for the manufacture of suspensions. The drug is used only inside: the introduction of injections, powders and solutions for external use is not common.
When Amoxicillin is not used Antibiotic resistance is one of the problems of 21st century medicine. Often, patients either flatly refuse to take antibiotics, or begin self-administration of antibacterial drugs. In both cases, patients are injurious to their health, and the bacteria produce resistance to drugs. ARD in most cases cause viral infections that are not treatable with antibiotics, including Amoxicillin. Influenza and acute respiratory viral infections should be treated with bed rest, abundant drinking and taking antiviral drugs.
Amoxicillin for flu and colds caused by viruses should not be taken. The drug will only aggravate the condition of the body, but will not help to cope with a viral infection. When apply? It is possible to treat colds with antibiotics only if the infection is caused by bacteria. Only laboratory tests can reveal this.
Indirectly, infection with a bacterial infection is indicated by: yellow or green nasal discharge; congestion of thick greenish mucus in the throat; severe swelling of the throat. Amoxicillin for colds is used only when confirming the bacterial nature of the disease or if serious complications have appeared: otitis media, bronchitis, sinusitis and others. However, in these cases, a medical examination is required. The specialist can also prescribe washing, rinsing and taking other antibacterial drugs. Side effects Taking Amoxicillin is prohibited in a number of diseases, including:
liver failure; allergic diseases; dysbiosis; infectious mononucleosis.
Use of Amoxicillin is permissible only when prescribed by a doctor. Self-administration of an antibiotic can lead to aggravation of the disease, depression of the gastrointestinal tract, overdose. Amoxicillin has side effects that, if it is detected, should stop taking the drug immediately: overexcitement, insomnia, anxiety; cramps, headache, dry mouth; allergic rhinitis, urticaria, anaphylactic shock; dysbiosis, vomiting, nausea; violation of taste perception; stomatitis. However, the side effects of the drug is rare.
Main indications for use The use of Amoxicillin is important if acute respiratory infections have serious bacterial complications. First of all, we are talking about all forms of angina, including purulent. When a sore throat appears on the background of an acute respiratory disease, taking antibiotics is mandatory – the infection is very dangerous and can cause serious damage to the body. The drug is prescribed for other ENT diseases associated with acute respiratory infections: otitis, frontal or sinus, tonsillitis or bronchitis, tracheitis, and pneumonia. Also, this antibiotic is used in acute respiratory infections, which provoked infections of the urogenital system, including pyelonephritis. During pregnancy and lactation Amoxicillin reduces the effect of oral contraceptives, therefore during the treatment of acute respiratory infections it is necessary to apply additional measures of protection against pregnancy.
The drug can not be used during lactation. The components of the drug in a small amount into breast milk, affecting the condition of the child. Doses and method of use Dosage and frequency of administration prescribed by the attending physician, after the assessment of the patient’s condition and the severity of the infectious disease. The course of treatment with Amoxicillin ranges from 5 to 14 days. In stationary conditions, the drug can be administered with a dropper or injection. The drug can be taken after a meal. The active substance of the drug normally tolerates an acidic environment. Take the drug should be in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor, preferably – at one time.
If you were unable to drink the drug in time, then you need to take it as soon as the opportunity arises. However, you cannot double the dose of the drug even if you missed the previous dose.