Grippostad – rino 0.05 %, Xilo – Mepha, Meralis, Rinazal, Tizin Xilo, Grippotsitron Rinos, Fornos, Xinos drops, Otrivin, Rinoxil – N, Nasal spray Tayss, Farmazolin, Farmazolin N, Evkazolin, Ximelin extra, Nazik, Nazik for children, Xylometazoline spray, Rinflu spray, Eucabal spray.
When applied topically, it causes vasoconstriction, relieves swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, and reduces redness. Facilitates nasal breathing with inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
Indications for use
Acute rhinitis of viral or bacterial origin; acute sinusitis or exacerbation of chronic; allergic rhinitis; acute otitis media (to restore patency of the auditory tubes).
Dosage and administration
Nasal drops 0.05 % (1 drop contains 0.025 mg xylometazoline hydrochloride). Children from 4 months to 2 years old are instilled with 1 drop of 0.05 % r – ra in each nasal passage every 8-12 hours; at the age of 2-12 years – 2-3 drops in each nasal passage every 8-10 hours.
Nasal drops 0.1 % (1 drop contains 0.05 mg xylometazoline hydrochloride). Adults and children over the age of 12 years are instilled with 2-3 drops in each nasal passage every 8-10 hours.
The drug in the form of 0.05 % and 0.1 % nasal gel is applied to the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity by quickly pressing the bottle dispenser once. Each time before using the drug, you must remove the nozzle and press the dispenser 3-5 times until the drug appears.
Gel for the nose 0.05 % (1 press contains 0.05 mg xylometazoline hydrochloride). Children between the ages of 3–12 years old usually have 1 tap in each nasal passage every 8–10 hours.
Nasal gel 0.1 % (1 press contains 0.1 mg xylometazoline hydrochloride). Children over 12 years of age and adults are usually prescribed 1 tap in each nasal passage every 8-10 hours.
The course of treatment is usually 3-5 days and does not exceed 2 weeks.
Local irritation, burning, unpleasant sensation of dryness of the nasal mucosa, sneezing. Rarely , headache, drowsiness, weakness, tachycardia, sedation. In the case of the use of a very high dose or the erroneous use of drops inside, which leads to the absorption of the active substance in the digestive tract, an excessive sedation.
Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, angle-closure glaucoma, the state after hypophysectomy or other surgical interventions performed with a dura mater, up to 4 months old – in the form of drops.
A significant overdose of the drug or its accidental oral administration, especially by children, can cause the development of a sedative effect, visual impairment, headache, irritability, cardiac arrhythmias, and insomnia.
Treatment . Symptomatic