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Gently acts on the mucous membrane without disturbing the local blood circulation. The vasoconstrictor effect is manifested in an increase in the outflow of blood, a decrease in swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose, paranasal sinuses and Eustachian tube.
Indications for use
Nasal drops. Acute rhinitis caused by colds, flu, SARS, allergic reactions, sinusitis; acute otitis media; in preparation for diagnostic procedures or surgery in the nose and to eliminate swelling of the nasal mucosa and sinuses after surgery.
Eye drops. The need to expand the pupil as quickly and clearly as possible, including before surgery; prevention of destruction during adhesion that occurs between the iris and lens; prevention of uveitis or the destruction of synechia with uveitis.
Dosage and administration
Before the introduction of the drug, you need to thoroughly clean your nose.
Nasal drops. Children under 2 years of age – 1-2 drops in each nasal passage no more often than every 6 hours. Children aged 2 to 6 years – 2-3 drops in each nasal passage. For children over 6 years old, they suggest using more concentrated solutions of phenylephrine or oxymetazoline preparations. The duration of treatment is no more than 3 days. If necessary, you can extend the period of use up to 7-10 days, provided that the treatment of the disease, which led to impaired nasal breathing, is provided.
Gel for the nose. Adults and children over the age of 6 years: a small amount of the gel is administered as deep as possible into each nasal passage 3-4 times a day.
Spray for the nose. Adults and children over the age of 6 years: 1-2 injections into each nasal passage 3-4 times a day. The duration of treatment should not exceed 7 days and depends on the severity of the disease.
Eye drops. The drug is prescribed for adults . To prevent destruction, destruction of synechiae, prevention of uveitis, 1 drop of the drug is applied to the conjunctiva of the eye (or both eyes) 1 time per day. The duration of treatment should not exceed 5 days.
To dilate the pupil before surgery, the drug is applied 1 drop per conjunctiva of the eye (or both eyes) 30-60 minutes before intraocular surgery. After using the drug or before applying, you need to easily click on the area of the lacrimal sac located in the inner corner of the eye to reduce systemic absorption and release it 2-3 minutes after applying the drops.
Nasal drops. Sensations of burning, flushing, tingling in the nose, heart rhythm disturbances, increased blood pressure, dizziness, and a feeling of fear are possible.
Eye drops. Conjunctival hyperemia, redness of the eye, burning sensation in the eye, visual impairment are possible. Long-term use can lead to corneal densification as a result of edema, keratinization of the conjunctiva, and obstruction of the lacrimal duct. Long-term use can cause narrowing of the pupil in elderly patients.
Increased individual sensitivity to the ingredients of the drug, heart rhythm disturbance, increased blood pressure, thyroid disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, angle-closure glaucoma, dry rhinitis, vascular aneurysm, pregnancy and lactation, under the age of 18 years.
With topical application, usually there are no systemic adverse reactions, however, with excessive doses, especially with prolonged use, there may be an increase in blood pressure, agitation.