Zopiclone is a tablet preparation for eliminating insomnia and difficulty falling asleep. It is prescribed for:
Content 1 tablet Zopiclone
Drugs in the form of round tablets in the form of a flat cylinder. They are white or creamy. A dividing strip is applied on the surface, the edges of the tablet are beveled. Packed in blisters for 10 pieces. In a package of thick cardboard – from 1 to 3 blisters, a user manual.
Hypnotic medication no-sleep-disorders.com, a member of the group of cyclopirrolone derivatives and an agonist of GABA receptors in the human brain, which are sensitive to benzodiazepine. The substance has sedative, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant properties.
By acting on receptors, GABA in the brain activates GABA-ergic processes, after which the sensitivity of nerve endings to the mediator is enhanced.
The substance shortens the phase of falling asleep, provides a continuous and longer sleep, reducing the number of awakenings, almost does not affect the stage of REM sleep. Gently affects the body, practically does not cause difficulties upon awakening.
After taking the tablets, the substance is absorbed from the digestive tract with high speed and almost in full. Peak blood concentration is reached after 1-3 hours. Zopiclone freely penetrates into all organs and tissues, including the brain.
The treatment regimen and daily rate are determined by the attending specialist. It is recommended to start therapy with the minimum dosage at which a therapeutic effect is possible.
Zopiclone tablets, according to the instructions for use, should be taken immediately before bedtime, already lying in bed.
The dosage of the drug is 3.75 mg (half a tablet) is designed for elderly patients (65+) and people with risk factors. On average, it is recommended to adhere to the following intake regimens:
The duration of the course depends on the patient’s testimony and the response to treatment. Whenever possible, therapy should be as short as possible. The maximum duration is 4 weeks (along with the time of drug withdrawal).
In pediatrics, sleeping pills are not used, since the features of its action have not been studied.
Judging by the results of animal studies, zopiclone does not have a teratogenic effect on the development of offspring. But since the drug was not tested on pregnant women, it is extremely undesirable to use it during this period. Zopiclone, like other substances from a close group of benzodiazepines, can cause:
If there is a need to start treatment with Zoviklon during gestation, then the pregnant woman should take into account the possible consequences and avoid large dosages.
Taking sleeping pills while breastfeeding is highly undesirable.
The use of the drug Zopiclone may be accompanied by undesirable side effects, manifested with varying degrees of intensity – depending on the size of the dosage used and the degree of sensitivity of the body. The most common side effect of sleeping pills is a bitter aftertaste after taking the pill.
Other negative effects of the drug that affect the mental state are:
In addition to changes in the psychoemotional state, sleeping pills can cause other unwanted reactions of the body:
If these or other unnamed side effects of the substance appear, zopiclone should be contacted by your specialist to determine further actions. It is extremely undesirable to interrupt treatment on your own, as an incorrect refusal can provoke withdrawal syndrome (manifests itself in the form of insomnia, muscle pain, changes in the psyche and behavior, nightmares, tachycardia, headaches, delirium).
Severe forms of the syndrome are accompanied by depersonalization, impaired limb sensitivity, photophobia, intolerance to loud sounds and tactile contacts. Some patients have cramps.
Sedative should not be used when:
During the course, Zopiclone must refrain from dangerous activities (driving, controlling complex mechanisms), which require composure and speed of reaction.
The use of sleeping pills requires compliance with the recommended dosages, since taking overdoses of Zopiclone can be fatal.
An overdose after accidental or deliberate taking of a large number of tablets is reflected primarily in the state of the central NS, causing the patient from drowsiness to coma.
Severe forms of supersaturation with sleeping pills are manifested by muscle weakness, hypotension, respiratory depression, up to death.
Measures to eliminate overdose are determined not only by the severity of the condition, but also by the time of taking the drug. If about an hour has passed since the poisoning, then the patient needs to rinse the stomach, induce vomiting in order to rid the body of the drug that has not yet been absorbed, then give adsorbents to drink.
Severe forms of overdose, which require supportive and symptomatic treatment, are eliminated in a hospital setting. Dialysis is not used, since the active substance is distributed over all tissues of organs. Perhaps the appointment of Flumazenil – a drug with the opposite effect. In case of appointment, aggravation of neurological disorders is possible.
If during the administration of Zopiclone the patient is forced to use other medications, then possible interaction with a joint course must be taken into account.
If there is a need to choose analogues or substitutes for Zopiklon sleeping pills, you need to consult with your doctor. Possible synonyms of Zopiclone: Somnol, Zolinoks, Milovan.